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DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY

Lineage and Honors

69th INFANTRY

(FIGHTING 69th)

 

Organized 21 December 1849 at New York, New York, from new and existing companies of volunteers as the 1st Irish Regiment

 

Mustered into the New York State Militia 29 May 1850 as the 9th Regiment

 

Consolidated 14 March 1858 with the 75th Regiment (organized September-December

1 852 at New York from new and existing companies of volunteers as the Republican Rifles [4th

Irish Regiment] and mustered into the New York State Militia 19 December 1854 as the 75th

Regiment) and consolidated unit designated as the 9th Regiment

 

Consolidated 3 May 1858 with the 69th Regiment (organized 12 October 1851 at New York from new and existing companies as the 2d Irish Regiment and mustered into the New York State Militia 1 November 1851 as the 69th Regiment) and consolidated and designated as the 69th Regiment

 

Mustered into Federal service 9 May 1861 at Washington, D.C.; mustered out of Federal service 3 August 1861 at New York

 

(While remaining in state service the 69th Regiment formed the nucleus of the 69th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment; mustered into Federal service 7 September- 17 November 1861 at New York and mustered out of Federal service 30 June 1865 at Alexandria, Virginia)

 

(New York State Militia redesignated 23 April 1862 as the New York National Guard)

 

Mustered into Federal service 26 May 1862 at New York; mustered out of Federal service 3 September 1862 at New York

(While remaining in state service the 69th Regiment formed the nucleus of the 69th New York National Guard Artillery Regiment [also known as the 182d New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment]; mustered into Federal service 17 September 1862 at Newport News, Virginia, and mustered out of Federal service 1 5 July 1865 at Washington, D.C.)

 

Mustered into Federal service 22 June 1863 at New York; mustered out of Federal service 25 July 1863 at New York

 

Mustered into Federal service 6 July 1864 at New York; mustered out of Federal service 6 October 1864 at New York

 

Reorganized and redesignated 6 December 1893 as the 69th Battalion

 

Expanded, reorganized, and redesignated 4 September 1895 as the 69th Regiment

 

Mustered into Federal service 19 May 1898 at Camp Black, New York, as the 69th New York Volunteer Infantry; mustered out of Federal service 3 1 January 1899 at New York

 

Reorganized 15 March 1899 in the New York National Guard at New York as the 69th Infantry Regiment

 

Mustered into Federal service 6 July 1916 at Camp Whitman, New York; mustered out of Federal service 9 March 1917 at New York

 

Mustered into Federal service 24 July 1917 at New York; drafted into Federal service 5 August 1917

 

Reorganized and redesignated 25 July 1917 as the 165th Infantry and assigned to the 42d Division

 

(69th Infantry organized 3 August 1917 in the New York State Guard at New York to replace regiment in Federal service)

 

Demobilized 7 May 1919 at Camp Upton, New York

 

Consolidated with the 69th Infantry, New York State Guard, and consolidated unit reorganized in the New York National Guard as the 69th Infantry with Headquarters Federally recognized 7 January 1921 at New York

 

Redesignated 11 October 1921 as the 165th Infantry

 

Assigned 20 June 1940 to the 27th Division (later redesignated as the 27th Infantry Division)

 

Inducted into Federal service 15 October 1940 at New York

 

Inactivated 31 December 1945 at Fort Lawton, Washington

 

Reorganized and Federally recognized 10 April 1947 with Headquarters at New York

 

Relieved 1 7 May 1947 from assignment to the 27th Infantry Division and assigned to the 42d Infantry Division

 

Reorganized 16 March 1959 as a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System to consist of the 1st Battle Group, an element of the 42d Infantry Division

 

Reorganized and redesignated 15 April 1963 as the 69th Infantry to consist of the 1st and 2d Battalions, elements of the 42d Infantry Division

 

(1st and 2d Battalions ordered into active Federal service 24 March 1970 at home stations; released 30 March 1970 from active Federal service and reverted to state control)

 

Reorganized 1 April 1975 to consist of the 1st Battalion, an element of the 42d Infantry Division

 

Withdrawn 1 May 1989 from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System

 

Converted and redesignated 1 September 1993 as the 69th Air Defense Artillery to consist of the 1st Battalion, an element of the 42d Infantry Division

 

Converted and redesignated 1 October 1996 as the 69th Infantry to consist of the 1st Battalion, an element of the 42d Infantry Division

 

 

CAMPAIGN PARTICIPATION CREDIT

                             Civil War                                                            World War I

                             Bull Run                                                              Champagne-Marne

                             Peninsula                                                             Aisne-Marne

                             Antietam                                                             St. Mihiel

                             Fredericksburg                                                    Meuse-Argonne

                             Chancellorsville                                                   Lorraine 1 91 8

                             Gettysburg                                                          Champagne 1918

                             Wilderness

                             Spotsylvania                                                        World War II

                             Cold Harbor                                                       Central Pacific (with

                             Petersburg                                                             arrowhead)

                             Appomattox                                                        Western Pacific

                             Virginia 1862                                                      Ryukyus

                             Virginia 1 863

                             Maryland 1863

 


Company A (New York), 1st Battalion, additionally entitled to:

Revolutionary War

Quebec

 

Civil War

Manassas

Virginia 1861

 

World War II - EAME

Northern France

Rhineland

Ardennes-Alsace

Central Europe

 

Company E (New York), 1st Battalion, additionally entitled to:

 

World War I

Ypres-Lys

Somme Offensive

Flanders 1918

 

World War II - EAME

Rhineland

Central Europe

 

 DECORATIONS

 None

 

 

BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY:

 

 

 

 

                 JOHN W. MOUNTCASTLE

Brigadier General, United States Army

Chief of Military History





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